How much did this cost?
It is probable that the exact stipulations of the contract will never come to light, and we can only roughly guess at them by a somewhat difficult comparison with the terms on which the Lady Arabella, the “Admiral” or flagship of Winthrop’s fleet, was chartered in 1630, for what is substantially the same voyage (of course, without expectation or probability of so long a stay on the New England coast), though the latter was a much larger ship. The contract probably named an “upset” or total sum for the “round voyage,” as was the case with the Lady Arabella. Winthrop enters among his memoranda, “The agreement for the Arabella £750, whereof [blank] is to be paid in hand [i e. cash down] the rest upon certificate of our safe arrival.” The sum was doubtless considerably in excess of that paid for the Mayflower, both because she was a much larger, heavier-armed, and better-manned ship, of finer accommodations, and because ships were, in 1630, in far greater demand for the New England trade than in 1620, Winthrop’s own fleet including no less than ten. The adjustments of freight and passage money between the Adventurers and colonists are a matter of much doubt and perplexity, and are not likely to be discovered by further research. The only light thrown upon them is by the tariffs for such service on Winthrop’s fleet, and for passage on different ships at a little later day. It is altogether probable that transportation of all those accepted as colonists, by the agents of the Adventurers and “Planters,” was without direct charge to any individual, but was debited against the whole. But as some had better quarters than others, some much more and heavier furniture, while some had bulky and heavy goods for their personal benefit, it is fair to assume that some schedule of rates for “tonnage,” if not for individuals, became necessary, to prevent complaints and to facilitate accounts. Winthrop credits Mr. Goffe—owner of two of the ships in 1630—as follows:—“For ninety-six passengers at £4, £384. For thirty-two tons of goods at £3 (per ton). For passage for a man, his wife and servant, (3 persons) £16/10, £5/10 each.”