Speedwell leaves for London
All of the Speedwell’s passengers who were to cross the Atlantic now being on board the Mayflower, the Speedwell departed for London. Christopher Martin had been made “governour” of the passengers on the Mayflower for the voyage, and Robert Cushman his “assistant.” It is evident from Cushman’s letter of 17 August 1620 that Martin had become obnoxious to both passengers and crew, particularly regarding provisioning and payments and rendering financial accounts to the Leiden contingent: “If I speak to him, he flies in my face and saith no complaints shall be heard or received but by himself, and saith: ‘They are froward, and waspish, discontented people, and I do ill to hear them.’ … The sailors also are so offended at his ignorant boldness in meddling and controlling in things he knows not what belongs to, as that some threaten to mischief him … But at best this cometh of it, that he makes himself a scorn and laughing stock unto them.” It seems that when the passengers were all gathered in the Mayflower after the Speedwell’s departure there was a new choice of officers (though no explicit record has been found of this), as Cushman had vacated his position and gone back to London, and we will see that on November 11 [o.s.]/21 [n.s.] the colonists “confirmed” John Carver as their “governour,” showing that he had been previously chosen for this position; the likeliest day for this selection is today.