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Soule Kindred In America


  • 4 Feb 2021 3:00 AM | Soule (Administrator)

    At anchorage

    Weather good.  Working party set ashore and came aboard at night.

  • 3 Feb 2021 3:08 AM | Soule (Administrator)

    At anchor in harbour

    Fair weather.  Working party on shore from ship and returned at night: “We wrought on our houses, and in the afternoon carried up our hogshead of meal to our common storehouse. The rest of the week we followed our business likewise.”

  • 2 Feb 2021 3:00 AM | Soule (Administrator)

    At anchorage

    The general sickness increases, both on shipboard and on land.  William Bradford kept a register of all births, marriages and deaths for the first few years of Plymouth’s existence, distinct from his famous journal Of Plimmoth Plantation, and Thomas Prence used it in his history, but he did not include all of the deaths or their dates.  Bradford’s register has since disappeared (along with the Mayflower Compact), probably around the time of the American Revolution.  By this point in the winter there were probably fewer than 90 passengers left alive, and on a good day no more than a dozen able bodied men available for work.  The Mayflower had become something of a hospital ship.

  • 1 Feb 2021 3:30 AM | Soule (Administrator)

    At anchorage

    Fair day.  Hogsheads of meal sent on shore from ship and put in storehouse.

  • 31 Jan 2021 2:43 AM | Soule (Administrator)

    At anchor in Plymouth harbour 

    Sixth Sunday in this harbor.  Many ill.  The settlers kept their Sunday services on land today for the first time, in the common-house.  This is the first time worship has taken place on dry land since the Pilgrims left Leiden in canal boats on 31 July, exactly six months ago.

  • 30 Jan 2021 3:15 AM | Soule (Administrator)

    At anchorage

    Shed for goods from the ship completed and made ready to receive the remainder of the stores.  Fetched wood and water.

  • 29 Jan 2021 3:01 AM | Soule (Administrator)

    At anchorage

    Rained at noon but cleared toward night.  John Goodman went out to exercise his frozen feet, “that were pitifully ill with the cold he had got, having a little spaniel with him. A little way from the plantation two great wolves ran after the dog; the dog ran to him and betwixt his legs for succor. He had nothing in his hand but took up a stick, and threw at one of them and hit him, and they presently ran both away, but came again; he got a pale-board in his hand, and they sat both on their tails, grinning at him a good while, and went their way and left him.”  I wonder what they were grinning at.

  • 28 Jan 2021 3:10 AM | Soule (Administrator)

    At anchorage

    Another fine, bright day. Some of the common goods (i.e., goods belonging to the group) set on shore, and a shed was started to receive and store the goods being brought to the settlement, and relieve some of the overcrowding in the common house.  Transferring stores from the ship to the shore is excruciatingly slow.  This also is a problem for those on the ship, since these stores had been a substantial part of the ship’s ballast, and the higher the Mayflower rode in the water, the less stable it was.

  • 27 Jan 2021 3:54 AM | Soule (Administrator)

    At anchorage

    Another fine, sunshining day.  Working-party went out early, and set on shore some of the passengers’ goods.  Bradford states that they were hindered in getting goods ashore by “want of boats,” as well as sickness.  Mention is made only of the “long-boat” and shallop; it is possible there were no others, except the Master’s skiff.

  • 26 Jan 2021 4:01 AM | Soule (Administrator)

    At anchorage

    A fine, sunshining day “like April.”  Party went on shore; the common house almost completed (and repaired).  Many passengers and crew are ill both on ship and on shore.

    The other of the wanderers from last weekend was Peter Browne (with or without the final “e”: there was really no standardised spelling even of surnames in the seventeenth century -- for different spelling, just check with the Soule/Sowle/Sole/Sowles/Sewell/Soulis/Solly family).  He was baptised on 26 January 1594/5 in Dorking, Surrey, the same home town as the Mullins family (also Mayflower passengers).  Peter Browne was the son of William Browne, who died when Peter was 10; he had two older siblings (Jane and Thomas) and three younger brothers (Samuel, John and James).  There are a number of family connections between the Browne and the Mullins families in Dorking, detailed rather fully in Caleb Johnson’s article (“The Probable English Origin of Mayflower Passenger Peter Browne, and His Association with Mayflower Passenger William Mullins,” TAG 79 [July 2004]: 161-178; see also Barbara Merrick, “Some New Information about Pilgrim Peter Brown,” MQ 53 [Feb 1987]: 10-13).  Peter Browne was probably out of any indenture or apprenticeship before he boarded the Mayflower (he would have been about 26 or perhaps a little bit older), and signed the Mayflower Compact.  The 1620 sketch of Plymouth house locations shows that Peter Browne and John Goodman were neighbours, with Peter’s house being closest to the bay on the south side of the street; he received one acre of land in the 1623 division, “on the south side of the brook to the baywards.”  Shortly after the division of land, Peter married the widow Martha Ford, who arrived on the Fortune in November 1621.  Martha’s husband apparently died on the voyage, or shortly after arrival, and Martha gave birth the day after arriving in Plymouth (!).  By the 1627 division of cattle, Peter and Martha had a child of their own (Mary, who married Ephraim Tinkham), and Martha was pregnant with another daughter (Priscilla, who married William Allen).  Also in the household were Peter’s stepchildren, John and Martha Ford.  Peter’s wife Martha died around 1630, and he remarried to a woman named Mary (whose maiden name and parents have not been discovered) and had two additional children by her (one of whom died before reaching adulthood; the other, Rebecca, married William Snow).  Peter died in the early autumn of 1633.  Peter only had daughters survive, marry and have descendants, and thus there are no Browne descendants with a direct male line.  Among his more famous descendants are Dick Van Dyke and the three Wilson brothers from the Beach Boys.

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